Boy Houben

Associate professor

Alfons (Boy) Houben is Associate Professor at the Department of Internal Medicine of Maastricht UMC+. He graduated in Biology at the University of Nijmegen, and received his PhD, in Maastricht in 1993, on early microcirculatory changes in patients with type 1 diabetes. He has longstanding expertise in human (non-invasive) micro- and macrovascular function tests in combination with (pharmacological) interventions, and in the epidemiological setting (The Maastricht Study). Using this unique approach, his main research interest is on the role of microvascular dysfunction in cardiometabolic diseases. An additional focus in his present research is the effects of lifestyle modifications in order to improve microvascular function. He is Past-President of the European Society for Microcirculation, chair of the Dutch Society for Microcirculation and Vascular Biology, and member of several other international scientific societies.

The focus of my research for many years has been microvascular dysfunction (MVD) as both a cause and a consequence of (cardio)metabolic diseases. One important function of the microcirculation is to deliver oxygen/nutrients to all tissues and to remove waste products. In normal metabolism this includes the delivery of glucose, which taken up by the gut following a meal, to skeletal muscle in order to be stored as glycogen. For that, insulin plays an important role by stimulating the endothelium to produce nitric oxide (NO), which leads to recruitment of capillaries in skeletal muscle and thus an increase in exchange surface. As a result, both glucose and insulin can reach skeletal muscle cells quickly and easily in order to store glucose in the cells. In our working hypothesis, we state that MVD may disturb this insulin-mediated glucose delivery/uptake, leading to metabolic insulin resistance and contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes. Within the framework of The Maastricht Study (a population-based cohort study), we perform deep phenotyping of the microcirculation. By using this approach, we are looking for (early) determinants of MVD, and study the role of MVD in the development and progression of various diseases (e.g. (pre)diabetes, heart failure, and depression).

Department of Internal Medicine
P. Debyelaan 25, 6229 HX Maastricht 
PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht

  • 2022
    • Linkens, A. M. A., Houben, A. J., Niessen, P. M., Wijckmans, N., de Goei, E., Van den Eynde, M. D. G., Scheijen, J. L. J. M., Waarenburg, M., Mari, A., Berendschot, T. T. J. M., Streese, L., Hanssen, H., van Dongen, M. C. J. M., van Gool, C., Stehouwer, C. D. A., Eussen, S. J. P. M., & Schalkwijk, C. (2022). A 4-week high-AGE diet does not impair glucose metabolism and vascular function in obese individuals. JCI INSIGHT, 7(6), [156950]. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.156950
    • Linkens, A. M. A., Houben, A. J. H. M., Kroon, A. A., Schram, M. T., Berendschot, T. T. J. M., Webers, C. A. B., van Greevenbroek, M., Henry, R. M. A., de Galan, B., Stehouwer, C. D. A., Eussen, S. J. M. P., & Schalkwijk, C. G. (2022). Habitual intake of dietary advanced glycation end products is not associated with generalized microvascular function-the Maastricht Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 115(2), 444-455. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqab302
    • van Dinther, M., Schram, M. T., Jansen, J. F. A., Backes, W. H., Houben, A. J. H. M., Berendschot, T. T. J. M., Schalkwijk, C. G., Stehouwer, C. D. A., van Oostenbrugge, R. J., & Staals, J. (2022). Extracerebral microvascular dysfunction is related to brain MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease: The Maastricht Study. Geroscience, 44(1), 147-157. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-021-00493-0
  • 2021
    • van der Heide, F. C. T., Zhou, T. L., Henry, R. M. A., Houben, A. J. H. M., Kroon, A. A., Dagnelie, P. C., van Dongen, M. C. J. M., Eussen, S. J. P. M., Berendschot, T. T. J. M., Schouten, J. S. A. G., Webers, C. A. B., Schram, M. T., van Greevenbroek, M. M. J., Wesselius, A., Schalkwijk, C. G., Koster, A., Savelberg, H. H. C. M., Schaper, N. C., Reesink, K. D., & Stehouwer, C. D. A. (2021). Carotid stiffness is associated with retinal microvascular dysfunction- The Maastricht Study. Microcirculation, 28(6), [e12702]. https://doi.org/10.1111/micc.12702
    • Linkens, A. M. A., Eussen, S. J. M. P., Houben, A. J. H. M., Kroon, A. A., Schram, M. T., Reesink, K. D., Dagnelie, P. C., Henry, R. M. A., van Greevenbroek, M., Wesselius, A., Stehouwer, C. D. A., & Schalkwijk, C. G. (2021). Habitual Intake of Dietary Advanced Glycation End Products Is Not Associated with Arterial Stiffness of the Aorta and Carotid Artery in Adults: The Maastricht Study. Journal of Nutrition, 151(7), 1886-1893. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxab097
    • de Ritter, R., Sep, S. J. S., van der Kallen, C. J. H., van Greevenbroek, M. M. J., de Jong, M., Vos, R. C., Bots, M. L., Reulen, J. P. H., Houben, A. J. H. M., Webers, C. A. B., Berendschot, T. T. J. M., Dagnelie, P. C., Eussen, S. J. P. M., Schram, M. T., Koster, A., Peters, S. A. E., & Stehouwer, C. D. A. (2021). Sex differences in the association of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes with microvascular complications and function: The Maastricht Study. Cardiovascular Diabetology, 20(1), 102. [102]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12933-021-01290-x
    • Van den Eynde, M. D. G., Kusters, Y. H. A. M., Houben, A. J. H. M., Scheijen, J. L. J. M., van Duynhoven, J., Fazelzadeh, P., Joris, P. J., Plat, J., Mensink, R. P., Hanssen, N. M. J., Stehouwer, C. D. A., & Schalkwijk, C. G. (2021). Diet-induced weight loss reduces postprandial dicarbonyl stress in abdominally obese men: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Nutrition, 40(5), 2654-2662. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.03.042
    • Hanssen, N. M. J., Scheijen, J. L. J. M., Houben, A. J. H. M., van de Waarenburg, M., Berendschot, T. T. J. M., Webers, C. A. B., Reesink, K. D., van Greevenbroek, M. M. J., van der Kallen, C., Schaper, N. C., Schram, M. T., Henry, R. M. A., Stehouwer, C. D. A., & Schalkwijk, C. G. (2021). Fasting and post-oral-glucose-load levels of methylglyoxal are associated with microvascular, but not macrovascular, disease in individuals with and without (pre)diabetes: The Maastricht Study. Diabetes & Metabolism, 47(1), [101148]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2020.02.002
  • 2020
    • Ginsberg, C., Houben, A. J. H. M., Malhotra, R., Berendschot, T. T. J. M., Kooman, J. P., Webers, C. A. B., Stehouwer, C. D. A., & Ix, J. H. (2020). Urinary Phosphate Excretion and Microvascular Function in a Population-Based Cohort. Kidney Medicine, 2(6), 812-815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xkme.2020.08.009
    • Sharma, S., Katz, R., Bullen, A. L., Chaves, P. H. M., de Leeuw, P. W., Kroon, A. A., Houben, A. J. H. M., Shlipak, M. G., & Ix, J. H. (2020). Intact and C-Terminal FGF23 Assays-Do Kidney Function, Inflammation, and Low Iron Influence Relationships With Outcomes?Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 105(12), [665]. https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa665