Bas Bekkers

Assistant Professor

Dr Bas Bekkers studied Medicine at Maastricht University and started his cardiology training in 1997 at Maastricht UMC+, The Netherlands. He was a research fellow at Krannert Institute, IUPUI, Indianapolis, USA, performing research in the field of angionesis/arteriogensis in 2001. He obtained his PhD degree at Maastricht University for investigating the characteristics of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in acute and chronic myocardial infarction. As of 2003, he works as a cardiologist at Maastricht UMC+, specialised in echocardiography and CMR.

His main field of interest and expertise is non-invasive cardiovascular imaging, especially cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and echocardiography. His research focusses on the clinical use of these imaging techniques in patients presenting with arrhythmias and (suspected) acute myocardial infarction.

Department of Cardiology
P. Debeyelaan 25, 6229 HX Maastricht 
PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht
T: +31(0)43 387 70 97

  • 2021
    • Beijnink, C. W. H., van der Hoeven, N. W., Konijnenberg, L. S. F., Kim, R. J., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Kloner, R. A., Everaars, H., El Messaoudi, S., van Rossum, A. C., van Royen, N., & Nijveldt, R. (2021). Cardiac MRI to Visualize Myocardial Damage after ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Review of Its Histologic Validation. Radiology, 301(1), 4-18. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2021204265
    • Arslan, M., Schaap, J., Van Gorsel, B., Budde, R. P., Bekkers, S. C., Van Cauteren, Y. J., Damman, P., Habets, J., Dubois, E. A., & Dedic, A. (2021). Coronary CT angiography for improved assessment of patients with acute chest pain and low-range positive high-sensitivity troponins: study protocol for a prospective, observational, multicentre study (COURSE trial). BMJ Open, 11(10), [e049349]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049349
    • Ramaekers, M. J. F. G., Adriaans, B. P., Juffermans, J. F., van Assen, H. C., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Scholte, A. J. H. A., Kenjeres, S., Lamb, H. J., Wildberger, J. E., Westenberg, J. J. M., & Schalla, S. (2021). Characterization of Ascending Aortic Flow in Patients With Degenerative Aneurysms. Investigative Radiology, 56(8), 494-500. https://doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0000000000000768
    • Raafs, A. G., Verdonschot, J. A. J., Henkens, M. T. H. M., Adriaans, B. P., Wang, P., Derks, K., Abdul Hamid, M. A., Knackstedt, C., van Empel, V. P. M., Diez, J., Brunner-La Rocca, H-P., Brunner, H. G., Gonzalez, A., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Heymans, S. R. B., & Hazebroek, M. R. (2021). The combination of carboxy-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I blood levels and late gadolinium enhancement at cardiac magnetic resonance provides additional prognostic information in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy - A multilevel assessment of myocardial fibrosis in dilated cardiomyopathy. European journal of heart failure, 23(6), 933-944. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.2201
    • Adriaans, B. P., Ramaekers, M. J. F. G., Heuts, S., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Westenberg, J. J. M., Lamb, H. J., Wildberger, J. E., & Schalla, S. (2021). Determining the optimal interval for imaging surveillance of ascending aortic aneurysms. Netherlands Heart Journal. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-021-01564-9
    • van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Smulders, M. W., Theunissen, R. A. L. J., Gerretsen, S. C., Adriaans, B. P., Bijvoet, G. P., Mingels, A. M. A., van Kuijk, S. M. J., Schalla, S., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Kim, R. J., Wildberger, J. E., Heijman, J., & Bekkers, S. C. A. M. (2021). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance accurately detects obstructive coronary artery disease in suspected non-ST elevation myocardial infarction: a sub-analysis of the CARMENTA Trial. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 23(1), [40]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12968-021-00723-6
    • Lyon, A., van Mourik, M., Cruts, L., Heijman, J., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Schotten, U., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Linz, D., & Lumens, J. (2021). Both beat-to-beat changes in RR-interval and left ventricular filling time determine ventricular function during atrial fibrillation. EP Europace, 23, I21-I28. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euaa387
    • Smulders, M. W., Van Assche, L. M. R., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Nijveldt, R., Beijnink, C. W. H., Kim, H. W., Hayes, B., Parker, M. A., Kaolawanich, Y., Judd, R. M., & Kim, R. J. (2021). Epicardial Surface Area of Infarction: A Stable Surrogate of Microvascular Obstruction in Acute Myocardial Infarction. Circulation-Cardiovascular Imaging, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.120.010918
    • Pouwels, B. D. C., Simons, S. O., Theunissen, M., Peters, M. L., Schoenmaekers, J. J., Bekkers, S. C., & van den Beuken-van Everdingen, M. H. J. (2021). Healthcare use during COVID-19 and the effect on psychological distress in patients with chronic cardiopulmonary disorders in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 11(6), [e046883]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046883
  • 2020
    • El Kadi, S., van den Buijs, D. M. F., Meijers, T., Gilbers, M. D., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., van Melle, J. P., Riezebos, R. K., Blok, W. L., Tanis, W., Wahadat, A. R., Roos-Hesselink, J. W., van der Spoel, T. I. G., Chamuleau, S. A. J., Kamp, O., EURO, E. N. D. O., & EURO ENDO Investigators Group (2020). Infective endocarditis in the Netherlands: current epidemiological profile and mortality An analysis based on partial ESC EORP collected data. Netherlands Heart Journal, 28(10), 526-536. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-020-01431-z
    • Vranken, N. P. A., Pustjens, T. F. S., Kolkman, E., Hermanides, R. S., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Smulders, M. W., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Heijman, J., Rasoul, S., Ottervanger, J. P., & van't Hof, A. W. J. (2020). MINOCA: The caveat of absence of coronary obstruction in myocardial infarction. IJC Heart & Vasculature, 29, [100572]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2020.100572
    • Heuts, S., Adriaans, B. P., Rylski, B., Mihl, C., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Olsthoorn, J. R., Natour, E., Bouman, H., Berezowski, M., Kosiorowska, K., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Maessen, J. G., Wildberger, J., Schalla, S., & Sardari Nia, P. (2020). Evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of maximal aortic diameter, length and volume for prediction of aortic dissection. Heart, 106(12), 892-897. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-316251
    • Pustjens, T. F. S., Streukens, B., Vainer, J., Gho, B., Ruiters, A. W., Stein, M., Ilhan, M., Veenstra, L., Theunissen, R., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Van't Hof, A. W. J., & Rasoul, S. (2020). Design and rationale of ischaemia-driven complete revascularisation versus usual care in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel coronary disease: the South Limburg Myocardial Infarction (SLIM) trial. Netherlands Heart Journal, 28(2), 75-80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-019-01332-w
    • Adriaans, B. P., Westenberg, J. J. M., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Gerretsen, S., Elbaz, M. S. M., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Veenstra, L. F., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Wildberger, J. E., & Schalla, S. (2020). Clinical assessment of aortic valve stenosis: Comparison between 4D flow MRI and transthoracic echocardiography. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 51(2), 472-480. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.26847
    • van Doorn, W. P. T. M., Vroemen, W. H. M., Smulders, M. W., van Suijlen, J. D., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Bekers, O., & Meex, S. J. R. (2020). High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I and T Kinetics after Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, 5(1), 239-241. https://doi.org/10.1373/jalm.2019.029785
  • 2019
    • Smulders, M. W., Kietselaer, B. L. J. H., Wildberger, J. E., Dagnelie, P. C., Brunner-La Rocca, H-P., Mingels, A. M. A., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Theunissen, R. A. L. J., Post, M. J., Schalla, S., van Kuijk, S. M. J., Das, M., Kim, R. J., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Bekkers, S. C. A. M. (2019). Initial Imaging-Guided Strategy Versus Routine Care in Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 74(20), 2466-2477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.09.027
    • Habib, G., Erba, P. A., Iung, B., Donal, E., Cosyns, B., Laroche, C., Popescu, B. A., Prendergast, B., Tornos, P., Sadeghpour, A., Oliver, L., Vaskelyte, J-J., Sow, R., Axler, O., Maggioni, A. P., Lancellotti, P., Granada, Mahia, M., Ressi, S., ... EURO-ENDO Investigators (2019). Clinical presentation, aetiology and outcome of infective endocarditis. Results of the ESC-EORP EURO-ENDO (European infective endocarditis) registry: a prospective cohort study. European Heart Journal, 40(39), 3222-+. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehz620
    • Habib, G., Lancellotti, P., Erba, P-A., Sadeghpour, A., Meshaal, M., Sambola, A., Furnaz, S., Citro, R., Ternacle, J., Donal, E., Cosyns, B., Popescu, B., Iung, B., Prendergast, B., Laroche, C., Tornos, P., Pazdernik, M., Maggioni, A., Gale, C. P., ... EURO-ENDO Investigators (2019). The ESC-EORP EURO-ENDO (European Infective Endocarditis) registry. European heart journal. Quality of care & clinical outcomes, 5(3), 202-207. https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjqcco/qcz018
    • Heitner, J. F., Senthilkumar, A., Harrison, J. K., Klem, I., Sketch, M. H., Ivanov, A., Hamo, C., Van Assche, L., White, J., Washam, J., Patel, M. R., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Smulders, M. W., Sacchi, T. J., & Kim, R. J. (2019). Identifying the Infarct-Related Artery in Patients With Non–ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insights From Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Circulation-Cardiovascular Interventions, 12(5), [007305]. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.118.007305
    • Nguyen, U. C., Cluitmans, M. J. M., Strik, M., Luermans, J. G., Gommers, S., Wildberger, J. E., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Volders, P. G. A., Mihl, C., Prinzen, F. W., & Vernooy, K. (2019). Integration of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, electrocardiographic imaging, and coronary venous computed tomography angiography for guidance of left ventricular lead positioning. EP Europace, 21(4), 626-635. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euy292
    • van Mourik, M. J. W., Zaar, D. V. J., Smulders, M. W., Heijman, J., Lumens, J., Dokter, J. E., Passos, V. L., Schalla, S., Knackstedt, C., Schummers, G., Gjesdal, O., Edvardsen, T., & Bekkers, S. C. A. M. (2019). Adding Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography to Visual Assessment of Systolic Wall Motion Abnormalities Improves the Detection of Myocardial Infarction. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 32(1), 65-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.echo.2018.09.007
    • Holvoet, W., Mihl, C., Ruiters, A. W., Kietselaer, B. L. J. H., & Bekkers, S. C. A. M. (2019). Coronary anomaly: when you think you've seen it all. Acta Cardiologica, 74(1), 86-87. https://doi.org/10.1080/00015385.2018.1428160
  • 2018
    • Amier, R. P., Smulders, M. W., van der Flier, W. M., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Zweerink, A., Allaart, C. P., Demirkiran, A., Roos, S. T., Teunissen, P. F. A., Appelman, Y., van Royen, N., Kim, R. J., van Rossum, A. C., & Nijveldt, R. (2018). Long-Term Prognostic Implications of Previous Silent Myocardial Infarction in Patients Presenting With Acute Myocardial Infarction. JACC-Cardiovascular Imaging, 11(12), 1773-1781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2018.02.009
    • van der Weg, K., Kuijt, W. J., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Tijssen, J. G. P., Green, C. L., Smulders, M. W., Lemmert, M. E., Krucoff, M. W., & Gorgels, A. P. M. (2018). Bursts of reperfusion arrhythmias occur independently of area at risk size and are the first marker of reperfusion injury. International Journal of Cardiology, 271, 240-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.05.083
    • Smulders, M. W., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Liefhebber, A., Vermeer, J. R., Vervuurt, J., van Dieijen-Visser, M. P., Mingels, A. M. A., Rocca, H-P. B-L., Dagnelie, P. C., Wildberger, J. E., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Kietselaer, B. L. J. H. (2018). Risk stratification and role for additional diagnostic testing in patients with acute chest pain and normal high-sensitivity cardiac troponin levels. PLOS ONE, 13(9), [e0203506]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203506
    • Zeemering, S., Lankveld, T. A. R., Bonizzi, P., Limantoro, I., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Schotten, U. (2018). The electrocardiogram as a predictor of successful pharmacological cardioversion and progression of atrial fibrillation. EP Europace, 20(7), E96-E104. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/eux234
    • Verhagen, J. M. A., Kempers, M., Cozijnsen, L., Bouma, B. J., Duijnhouwer, A. L., Post, J. G., Hilhorst-Hofstee, Y., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Kerstjens-Frederikse, W. S., van Brakel, T. J., Lambermon, E., Wessels, M. W., Loeys, B. L., Roos-Hesselink, J. W., van de Laar, I. M. B. H., & Natl Working Grp BAV TAA (2018). Expert consensus recommendations on the cardiogenetic care for patients with thoracic aortic disease and their first-degree relatives. International Journal of Cardiology, 258, 243-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.01.145
    • van der Weg, K., Kuijt, W. J., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Tijssen, J. G. P., Green, C. L., Lemmert, M. E., Krucoff, M. W., & Gorgels, A. P. M. (2018). Reperfusion ventricular arrhythmia bursts identify larger infarct size in spite of optimal epicardial and microvascular reperfusion using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care, 7(3), 246-256. https://doi.org/10.1177/2048872617690887
    • Smulders, M., Bekkers, B., VAN Cauteren, Y., Liefhebber, A., Vermeer, J. R., Vervuurt, J., van Dieijen - Visser, M. P., Mingels, A., Brunner-La Rocca, H., Dagnelie, P., Wildberger, J., Crijns, H., & Kietselaer, B. (2018). Acute pijn op de borst zonder afwijkend troponine: Is aanvullende niet-invasieve diagnostiek zinvol?Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 162, 1-7. [D3568]. https://www.ntvg.nl/system/files/publications/d3568.pdf
    • Nguyen, U., Weijs, B., Luyten, P., Blokzijl, C., Witsenburg, M., Volders, P., & Bekkers, B. (2018). Late complications of an atrial septal occluder provoked by anticoagulant therapy. Journal of Cardiology Cases, 17(2), 68-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jccase.2017.09.010
  • 2017
    • Jaarsma, C., Vink, H., van Haare, J., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., van Rooijen, B. D., Backes, W. H., Wildberger, J. E., Crijns, H. J., van Teeffelen, J., & Schalla, S. (2017). Non-invasive assessment of microvascular dysfunction in patients with microvascular angina. International Journal of Cardiology, 248, 433-439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.05.010
    • Smulders, M. W., Jaarsma, C., Nelemans, P. J., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Bucerius, J., Leiner, T., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Wildberger, J. E., & Schalla, S. (2017). Comparison of the prognostic value of negative non-invasive cardiac investigations in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease-ameta-analysis. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 18(9), 980-987. https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jex014
    • Nguyen, U. C., Maffessanti, F., Mafi-Rad, M., Conte, G., Zeemering, S., Regoli, F., Caputo, M. L., van Stipdonk, A. M. W., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Suerder, D., Moccetti, T., Krause, R., Prinzen', F. W., Vernooy', K., & Auricchio, A. (2017). Evaluation of the use of unipolar voltage amplitudes for detection of myocardial scar assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in heart failure patients. PLOS ONE, 12(7), [0180637]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180637
    • Hakimzadeh, N., Elias, J., Wijntjens, G. W. M., Theunissen, R., van Weert, A., Smulders, M. W., van den Akker, N., Moerland, P. D., Verberne, H. J., Hoebers, L. P., Henriques, J. P. S., van der Laan, A. M., Ilhan, M., Post, M., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., & Piek, J. J. (2017). Monocytic microRNA profile associated with coronary collateral artery function in chronic total occlusion patients. Scientific Reports, 7, [1532]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01695-3
    • Uyen Chau Nguyen, N. V., Mafi-Rad, M., Aben, J-P., Smulders, M. W., Engels, E. B., van Stipdonk, A. M. W., Luermans, J. G. L. M., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Prinzen, F. W., & Vernooy, K. (2017). A novel approach for left ventricular lead placement in cardiac resynchronization therapy: Intraprocedural integration of coronary venous electroanatomic mapping with delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Heart Rhythm, 14(1), 110-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2016.09.015
  • 2016
    • Klinkenberg, L. J. J., Luyten, P., van der Linden, N., Urgel, K., Snijders, D. P. C., Knackstedt, C., Dennert, R., Kietselaer, B. L. J. H., Mingels, A., Cardinaels, E. P. M., Peeters, F. E. C. M., van Suijlen, J. D. E., ten Kate, J., Marsch, E., Theelen, T. L., Sluimer, J. C., Wouters, K., Bekers, O., Bekkers, B., ... Meex, S. J. R. (2016). Cardiac Troponin T and I Release After a 30-km Run. American Journal of Cardiology, 118(2), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2016.04.030
    • Smulders, M. W., Kietselaer, B. L. J. H., Schalla, S., Bucerius, J., Jaarsma, C., van Dieijen-Visser, M. P., Mingels, A. M. A., Brunner-La Rocca, H., Post, M., Das, M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Wildberger, J. E., & Bekkers, B. (2016). Acute chest pain in the high-sensitivity cardiac troponin era: A changing role for noninvasive imaging?American Heart Journal, 177, 102-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2016.03.025
    • Dennert, R., Streukens, B., Gommers, S., Heymans, S., & Bekkers, B. (2016). Perimyocarditis Complicated by Early Development of Constrictive Pericarditis. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 32(3), 395.e11-395.e12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2015.06.004
    • Bekkers, S. C. A. M., & Hoorntje, J. C. A. (2016). Unwarranted variation of coronary stent choice in The Netherlands. Netherlands Heart Journal, 24(2), 108-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-015-0781-7
    • Hendriks, B. M. F., Kok, M., Mihl, C., Bekkers, B., Wildberger, J. E., & Das, M. (2016). Individually tailored contrast enhancement in CT pulmonary angiography. British Journal of Radiology, 89(1061), [20150850]. https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20150850
    • Hassell, M. E. C. J., Delewi, R., Lexis, C. P. H., Smulders, M. W., Hirsch, A., Wagner, G., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., van der Horst, I. C. C., Zijlstra, F., van Rossum, A. C., Piek, J. J., van der Harst, P., & Nijveldt, R. (2016). The relationship between terminal QRS distortion on initial ECG and final infarct size at 4 months in conventional ST- segment elevation myocardial infarct patients. Journal of Electrocardiology, 49(3), 292-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2016.03.009
  • 2015
    • Adriaans, B. P., Samarska, I. V., de Vries, B., & Bekkers, S. C. A. M. (2015). A patient with progressive dyspnoea. Netherlands Heart Journal, 23(7-8), 399-401. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-015-0718-1
    • van Ewijk, P. A., Schrauwen-Hinderling, V. B., Bekkers, S. C., Glatz, J. F., Wildberger, J. E., & Kooi, M. E. (2015). MRS: a noninvasive window into cardiac metabolism. Nmr in Biomedicine, 28(7), 747-766. https://doi.org/10.1002/nbm.3320
  • 2014
  • 2013
    • Jaarsma, C., Bekkers, B., Haidari, Z., Smulders, M. W., Nelemans, P. J., Gorgels, A. P., Crijns, H. J., Wildberger, J. E., & Schalla, S. (2013). Comparison of Different Electrocardiographic Scoring Systems for Detection of any Previous Myocardial Infarction as Assessed With Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging. American Journal of Cardiology, 112(8), 1069-1074. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.05.048
    • Jaarsma, C., Schalla, S., Cheriex, E. C., Smulders, M. W., van Dongen, I., Nelemans, P. J., Gorgels, A. P. M., Wildberger, J. E., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Bekkers, B. (2013). Incremental value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance over echocardiography in the detection of acute and chronic myocardial infarction. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 15, [5]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-15-5
    • Smulders, M. W., Kietselaer, B. L. J. H., Das, M., Wildberger, J. E., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Veenstra, L., Brunner La Rocca, H. P., van Dieijen-Visser, M. P., Mingels, A. M. A., Dagnelie, P. C., Post, M. J., Gorgels, A. P. M., van Asselt, A. D. I., Vogel, G., Schalla, S., Kim, R. J., & Bekkers, S. C. A. M. (2013). The role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography angiography in suspected non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients: Design and rationale of the CARdiovascular Magnetic rEsoNance imaging and computed Tomography Angiography (CARMENTA) trial. American Heart Journal, 166(6), 968-975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2013.09.012
    • Korver, F. W. J., Hassell, M., Smulders, M. W., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., & Gorgels, A. P. M. (2013). Correlating both Aldrich and Hellemond score with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging endocardial surface area calculations in the estimation of the area at risk. Electrocardiography scores A and endocardial surface area calculations: Do they conelate?Journal of Electrocardiology, 46(3), 229-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2013.02.012