Harry Crijns


Harry Crijns is professor and chair of Cardiology and board member of the Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM) at Maastricht UMC+. He studied medicine at the University of Amsterdam and was trained in cardiology and electrophysiology in Groningen and Maastricht. He is a Fellow of the ESC and a past board member of the EHRA. He is also past Chair of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology. He served on several guidelines committees for the management of AF. Currently he is the chairman of the scientific advisory board of the Dutch Heart Foundation.

His primary research focus continues to be atrial fibrillation (AF). He founded the RACE trials in the Netherlands and led the Euro Heart Survey on AF (ESC). He has established his reputation by introducing innovative concepts for diagnosis and treatment of AF by showing that - quite contrary to longstanding beliefs - electrical management does not change prognosis. This revolutionised management of the arrhythmia worldwide with the effect that major interventions like electrical cardioversion, catheter ablation and antiarrhythmic drug therapy are applied in a much more personalized fashion.

Subsequently his group showed that rate control in AF can be individualized thereby removing the previously used strict heart rate targets from the international guidelines. He also performed the Euro Heart Survey on AF and made many contributions to the field of stroke management in AF, such as the construction of well-recognised AF specific risk stratification scores for AF progression (HATCH), ischemic stroke (CHA2DS2-VASc) and major bleeding (HAS-BLED). These scores have practically conquered the medical AF community and improved patient care whilst boosting new clinical research throughout the world.

His research group now focusses on recent-onset AF, hybrid AF ablation, upstream therapy and vascular mechanisms for AF progression and stroke in idiopathic atrial fibrillation. He is (co-)author on over 650 scientific articles, with 56,677 citations and Hirsch-index of 100.

Department of Cardiology
P. Debyelaan 25, 6229 HX Maastricht 
PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht

  • 2020
    • Lemkes, J. S., Janssens, G. N., van der Hoeven, N. W., Jewbali, L. S. D., Dubois, E. A., Meuwissen, M. M., Rijpstra, T. A., Bosker, H. A., Blans, M. J., Bleeker, G. B., Baak, R. R., Vlachojannis, G. J., Eikemans, B. J. W., van der Harst, P., van der Horst, I. C. C., Voskuil, M., van der Heijden, J. J., Beishuizen, A., Stoel, M., ... van Royen, N. (2020). Coronary Angiography After Cardiac Arrest Without ST Segment Elevation: One-Year Outcomes of the COACT Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Cardiology, 5(12), 1358-1365. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamacardio.2020.3670
    • Spoormans, E. M., Lemkes, J. S., Janssens, G. N., van der Hoeven, N. W., Jewbali, L. S. D., Dubois, E. A., van de Ven, P. M., Meuwissen, M., Rijpstra, T. A., Bosker, H. A., Blans, M. J., Bleeker, G. B., Baak, R., Vlachojannis, G. J., Eikemans, B. J. W., van der Harst, P., van der Horst, I. C., Voskuil, M., van der Heijden, J. J., ... van Royen, N. (2020). Data on sex differences in one-year outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients without ST-segment elevation. Data in brief, 33, [106521]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.106521
    • van den Berg, V. J., Umans, V. A. W. M., Brankovic, M., Oemrawsingh, R. M., Asselbergs, F. W., van der Harst, P., Hoefer, I. E., Kietselaer, B., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Lenderink, T., Ophuis, A. J. O., van Schaik, R. H., Kardys, I., Boersma, E., Akkerhuis, K. M., & BIOMArCS Investigators (2020). Stabilization patterns and variability of hs-CRP, NT-proBNP and ST2 during 1 year after acute coronary syndrome admission: results of the BIOMArCS study. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 58(12), 2099-2106. https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2019-1320
    • Verdonschot, J. A. J., Merken, J. J., van Stipdonk, A. M. W., Pliger, P., Derks, K. W. J., Wang, P., Henkens, M. T. H. M., van Paassen, P., Hamid, M. A. A., van Empel, V. P. M., Knackstedt, C., Luermans, J. G. L. M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Brunner-La Rocca, H-P., Brunner, H. G., Poelzl, G., Vernooy, K., Heymans, S. R. B., & Hazebroek, M. R. (2020). Cardiac Inflammation Impedes Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Circulation-Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 13(11), 1311-1320. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.120.008727
    • Hermans, A. N. L., van der Velden, R. M. J., Gawalko, M., Verhaert, D. V. M., Desteghe, L., Duncker, D., Manninger, M., Heidbuchel, H., Pisters, R., Hemels, M., Pison, L., Sohaib, A., Sultan, A., Steven, D., Wijtvliet, P., Tieleman, R., Gupta, D., Dobrev, D., Svennberg, E., ... TeleCheck-AF investigators (2020). On-demand mobile health infrastructures to allow comprehensive remote atrial fibrillation and risk factor management through teleconsultation. Clinical Cardiology, 43(11), 1232-1239. https://doi.org/10.1002/clc.23469
    • Kloosterman, M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Mulder, B. A., Groenveld, H. F., Van Veldhuisen, D. J., Rienstra, M., & Van Gelder, I. C. (2020). Sex-related differences in risk factors, outcome, and quality of life in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation: results from the RACE II study. EP Europace, 22(11), 1619-1627. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz300
    • Brandes, A., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Rienstra, M., Kirchhof, P., Grove, E. L., Pedersen, K. B., & Van Gelder, I. C. (2020). Electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter: manoeuvres and tips to increase its effectiveness-Authors' reply. EP Europace, 22(10), 1602-1602. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euaa212
    • Bogossian, H., Linz, D., Heijman, J., Bimpong-Buta, N-Y., Bandorski, D., Frommeyer, G., Erkapic, D., Seyfarth, M., Zarse, M., & Crijns, H. J. (2020). QTc evaluation in patients with bundle branch block. IJC Heart & Vasculature, 30, [100636]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2020.100636
    • Bonizzi, P., Meste, O., Zeemering, S., Karel, J., Lankveld, T., Crijns, H., Schotten, U., & Peeters, R. (2020). A novel framework for noninvasive analysis of short-term atrial activity dynamics during persistent atrial fibrillation. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 58(9), 1933-1945. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11517-020-02190-0
    • van der Velden, R. M. J., Hermans, A. N. L., Pluymaekers, N. A. H. A., Gawalko, M., Vorstermans, B., Martens, H., Buskes, S., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Linz, D., & Hendriks, J. M. (2020). Coordination of a remote mHealth infrastructure for atrial fibrillation management during COVID-19 and beyond: TeleCheck-AF. International Journal of Care Coordination, 23(2-3), 65-70. [2053434520954619]. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053434520954619
    • Lyon, A., Dupuis, L. J., Arts, T., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Prinzen, F. W., Delhaas, T., Heijman, J., & Lumens, J. (2020). Differentiating the effects of beta-adrenergic stimulation and stretch on calcium and force dynamics using a novel electromechanical cardiomyocyte model. American Journal of Physiology-heart and Circulatory Physiology, 319(3), H519-H530. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00275.2020
    • Erkapic, D., Frommeyer, G., Brettner, N., Soezener, K., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Seyfarth, M., Hamm, C. W., & Bogossian, H. (2020). QTc interval evaluation in patients with right bundle branch block or bifascicular blocks. Clinical Cardiology, 43(9), 957-962. https://doi.org/10.1002/clc.23389
    • Brandes, A., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Rienstra, M., Kirchhof, P., Grove, E. L., Pedersen, K. B., & Van Gelder, I. C. (2020). Cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter revisited: current evidence and practical guidance for a common procedure. EP Europace, 22(8), 1149-1161. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euaa057
    • Chu, G., Seelig, J., Trinks-Roerdink, E. M., van Alem, A. P., Alings, M., van den Bemt, B., Boersma, L. V. A., Brouwer, M. A., Cannegieter, S. C., ten Cate, H., Kirchhof, C. J. H. J., Crijns, H. J. G. M., van Dijk, E. J., Elvan, A., van Gelder, I. C., de Groot, J. R., den Hartog, F. R., de Jong, J. S. S. G., de Jong, S., ... Huisman, M. (2020). Design and rationale of DUTCH-AF: a prospective nationwide registry programme and observational study on long-term oral antithrombotic treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation. BMJ Open, 10(8), [036220]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036220
    • Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Van Gelder, I. C. (2020). Paradigm shifts in pathophysiology and management of atrial fibrillation-a tale of the RACE trials in the Netherlands. Netherlands Heart Journal, 28(SUPPL 1), 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-020-01476-0
    • De With, R. R., Erkuner, O., Rienstra, M., Nguyen, B-O., Korver, F. W. J., Linz, D., Ten, H. C., Spronk, H., Kroon, A. A., Maass, A. H., Blaauw, Y., Tieleman, R. G., Hemels, M. E. W., de Groot, J. R., Elvan, A., de Melis, M., Scheerder, C. O. S., Al-Jazairi, M. I. H., Schotten, U., ... RACE V Investigators (2020). Temporal patterns and short-term progression of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation data from RACE V. EP Europace, 22(8), 1162-1172. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euaa123
    • Peeters, F. E. C. M., Dudink, E. A. M. P., Weijs, B., Fabritz, L., Chua, W., Kietselaer, B. L. J. H., Wildberger, J. E., Meex, S. J. R., Kirchhof, P., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Schurgers, L. J. (2020). Biomarkers Associated With Aortic Valve Calcification: Should We Focus on Sex Specific Processes?Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 8, [604]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2020.00604
    • de With, R. R., Rienstra, M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Van Gelder, I. C., & RACE 3 Investigators (2020). Determinants of sinus rhythm maintenance in patients with early-persistent atrial fibrillation and heart failure. Clinical research in cardiology, 109(6), 787-789. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00392-019-01581-0
    • Heuts, S., Adriaans, B. P., Rylski, B., Mihl, C., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Olsthoorn, J. R., Natour, E., Bouman, H., Berezowski, M., Kosiorowska, K., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Maessen, J. G., Wildberger, J., Schalla, S., & Nia, P. S. (2020). Evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of maximal aortic diameter, length and volume for prediction of aortic dissection. Heart, 106(12), 892-897. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-316251
    • Pluymaekers, N. A. H. A., Hermans, A. N. L., van der Velden, R. M. J., den Uijl, D. W., Vorstermans, B., Buskes, S., Hendriks, J. M., Vernooy, K., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Linz, D. (2020). On-demand app-based rate and rhythm monitoring to manage atrial fibrillation through teleconsultations during COVID-19. IJC Heart & Vasculature, 28, [100533]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2020.100533
    • Coopmans, C., Zhou, T. L., Henry, R. M. A., Heijman, J., Schaper, N. C., Koster, A., Schram, M. T., van der Kallen, C. J. H., Wesselius, A., den Engelsman, R. J. A., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Stehouwer, C. D. A. (2020). Both Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Are Associated With Lower Heart Rate Variability: The Maastricht Study. Diabetes Care, 43(5), 1126-1133. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc19-2367
    • Haanschoten, D. M., Elvan, A., Postema, P. G., Smit, J. J. J., Adiyaman, A., Ter Bekke, R. M. A., Asaad, N., Aanhaanen, W. T. J., Misier, A. R. R., Delnoy, P. P. H. M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Wilde, A. A. M. (2020). Catheter ablation in highly symptomatic Brugada patients: a Dutch case series. Clinical research in cardiology, 109(5), 560-569. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00392-019-01540-9
    • Thind, M., Crijns, H. J., Naccarelli, G. V., Reiffel, J. A., Corp Dit Genti, V., Wieloch, M., Koren, A., & Kowey, P. R. (2020). Dronedarone treatment following cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation/flutter: A post hoc analysis of the EURIDIS and ADONIS trials. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, 31(5), 1022-1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/jce.14405
    • Crijns, H. J. G. M., Wijtvliet, E. P. J., Pluymaekers, N. A. H. A., & Van Gelder, I. C. (2020). Newly discovered atrial fibrillation: who(se) care(s)?EP Europace, 22(5), 677-678. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz359
    • d'Alessandro, E., Becker, C., Bergmeier, W., Bode, C., Bourne, J. H., Brown, H., Buller, H. R., ten Cate-Hoek, A. J., ten Cate, V., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Cheung, Y. F. H., Cleuren, A., Coenen, D., Crijns, H. J. G. M., de Simone, I., Dolleman, S. C., Klein, C. E., Fernandez, D. I., Granneman, L., ... Scientific Reviewer Committee (2020). Thrombo-Inflammation in Cardiovascular Disease: An Expert Consensus Document from the Third Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 120(4), 538-564. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1708035
    • Wijtvliet, E. P. J. P., Tieleman, R. G., van Gelder, I. C., Pluymaekers, N. A. H. A., Rienstra, M., Folkeringa, R. J., Bronzwaer, P., Elvan, A., Elders, J., Tukkie, R., Luermans, J. G. L. M., Van Asselt, A. D. I. T., Van Kuijk, S. M. J., Tijssen, J. G., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & RACE 4 Investigators (2020). Nurse-led vs. usual-care for atrial fibrillation. European Heart Journal, 41(5), 634-641. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehz666
    • Adriaans, B. P., Westenberg, J. J. M., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Gerretsen, S., Elbaz, M. S. M., Bekkers, S. C. A. M., Veenstra, L. F., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Wildberger, J. E., & Schalla, S. (2020). Clinical assessment of aortic valve stenosis: Comparison between 4D flow MRI and transthoracic echocardiography. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 51(2), 472-480. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.26847
    • Montalescot, G., Brotons, C., Cosyns, B., Crijns, H. J., D'Angelo, A., Drouet, L., Eberli, F., Lane, D. A., Besse, B., Chan, A., Vicaut, E., Darius, H., & AEGEAN Study Investigators (2020). Educational Impact on Apixaban Adherence in Atrial Fibrillation (the AEGEAN STUDY): A Randomized Clinical Trial. American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs, 20(1), 61-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40256-019-00356-2
    • van Stipdonk, A. M. W., Hoogland, R., Ter Horst, I., Kloosterman, M., Vanbelle, S., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Prinzen, F. W., Meine, M., Maass, A. H., & Vernooy, K. (2020). Evaluating Electrocardiography-Based Identification of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Responders Beyond Current Left Bundle Branch Block Definitions. JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology, 6(2), 193-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacep.2019.10.009
    • Tilz, R. R., Dagres, N., Arbelo, E., Blomstroem-Lundqvist, C., Crijns, H. J., Kirchhof, P., Kautzner, J., Temporelli, P. L., Laroche, C., Roberts, P. R., Pehrson, S., Lip, G. Y. H., Brugada, J., Tavazzi, L., & Atrial Fibrillation Ablation and Atrial Fibrillation Registries Investigators Groups (2020). Which patients with atrial fibrillation undergo an ablation procedure today in Europe? A report from the ESC-EHRA-EORP Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Long-Term and Atrial Fibrillation General Pilot Registries. EP Europace, 22(2), 250-258. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz291
    • Vroomen, M., Maesen, B., Luermans, J. L., Maessen, J. G., Crijns, H. J., La Meir, M., & Pison, L. (2020). Epicardial and Endocardial Validation of Conduction Block After Thoracoscopic Epicardial Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation. Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, 15(6), 525-531. https://doi.org/10.1177/1556984520956314
    • Pluymaekers, N. A. H. A., Hermans, A. N. L., Linz, D. K., Dudink, E. A. M. P., Luermans, J. G. L. M., Weijs, B., Vernooy, K., & Crijns, H. J. G. M. (2020). Frequency and Determinants of Spontaneous Conversion to Sinus Rhythm in Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department with Recent-onset Atrial Fibrillation: A Systematic Review. Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review, 9(4), 195-201. https://doi.org/10.15420/aer.2020.34
  • 2019
    • Pluymaekers, N. A. H. A., Hermans, A. N. L., Middeldorp, M. E., Kadhim, K., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Sanders, P., & Linz, D. (2019). Gender differences and daily variation in atrial fibrillation risk factor profiles: Considerations for risk factor management. IJC Heart and Vasculature, 25, [100442]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2019.100442
    • Hendriks, J. M. L., Tieleman, R. G., Vrijhoef, H. J. M., Wijtvliet, P., Gallagher, C., Prins, M. H., Sanders, P., & Crijns, H. J. G. M. (2019). Integrated specialized atrial fibrillation clinics reduce all-cause mortality: post hoc analysis of a randomized clinical trial. EP Europace, 21(12), 1785-1792. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz209
    • Schnabel, R. B., Haeusler, K. G., Healey, J. S., Freedman, B., Boriani, G., Brachmann, J., Brandes, A., Bustamante, A., Casadei, B., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Doehner, W., Engstrom, G., Fauchier, L., Friberg, L., Gladstone, D. J., Glotzer, T. V., Goto, S., Hankey, G. J., Harbison, J. A., ... Yan, B. (2019). Searching for Atrial Fibrillation Poststroke A White Paper of the AF-SCREEN International Collaboration. Circulation, 140(22), 1834-1850. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.040267
    • Smulders, M. W., Kietselaer, B. L. J. H., Wildberger, J. E., Dagnelie, P. C., Brunner-La Rocca, H-P., Mingels, A. M. A., van Cauteren, Y. J. M., Theunissen, R. A. L. J., Post, M. J., Schalla, S., van Kuijk, S. M. J., Das, M., Kim, R. J., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Bekkers, S. C. A. M. (2019). Initial Imaging-Guided Strategy Versus Routine Care in Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 74(20), 2466-2477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.09.027
    • Yorgun, H., Canpolat, U., Oksul, M., Sener, Y. Z., Ates, A. H., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Aytemir, K. (2019). Long-term outcomes of cryoballoon-based left atrial appendage isolation in addition to pulmonary vein isolation in persistent atrial fibrillation. EP Europace, 21(11), 1653-1662. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz232
    • Habib, G., Erba, P. A., Iung, B., Donal, E., Cosyns, B., Laroche, C., Popescu, B. A., Prendergast, B., Tornos, P., Sadeghpour, A., Oliver, L., Vaskelyte, J-J., Sow, R., Axler, O., Maggioni, A. P., Lancellotti, P., Granada, Mahia, M., Ressi, S., ... EURO-ENDO Investigators (2019). Clinical presentation, aetiology and outcome of infective endocarditis. Results of the ESC-EORP EURO-ENDO (European infective endocarditis) registry: a prospective cohort study. European Heart Journal, 40(39), 3222-+. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehz620
    • Weijs, B., Dudink, E. A. M. P., de Vos, C. B., Limantoro, I., Tieleman, R. G., Pisters, R., Cheriex, E. C., Luermans, J. G. L. M., & Crijns, H. J. G. M. (2019). Idiopathic atrial fibrillation patients rapidly outgrow their low thromboembolic risk: a 10-year follow-up study. Netherlands Heart Journal, 27(10), 487-497. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-019-1272-z
    • Sutanto, H., Laudy, L., Clerx, M., Dobrev, D., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Heijman, J. (2019). Maastricht antiarrhythmic drug evaluator (MANTA): a computational tool for better understanding of antiarrhythmic drugs. Pharmacological Research, 148, 104444. [104444]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2019.104444
    • Kloosterman, M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Van Gelder, I. C. (2019). Rising prevalence of atrial fibrillation in the elderly population: new challenges of geriatric cardiology. EP Europace, 21(10), 1451-1453. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz234
    • Lankveld, T. A. R., Vernooy, K., Crijns, H. J. G. M., & Linz, D. (2019). How to make catheter ablation available world-wide?IJC Heart and Vasculature, 24, [100411]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2019.100411
    • van der Heijden, C. A. J., Vroomen, M., Luermans, J. G., Vos, R., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Gelsomino, S., La Meir, M., Pison, L., & Maesen, B. (2019). Hybrid versus catheter ablation in patients with persistent and longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 56(3), 433-443. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy475
    • den Uijl, D. W., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Vernooy, K., & Linz, D. (2019). Hypnotic communication during atrial fibrillation ablation: Another clinical application of hypnotherapy?IJC Heart and Vasculature, 24, [100408]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2019.100408
    • Linz, D., Baumert, M., Desteghe, L., Kadhim, K., Vernooy, K., Kalman, J. M., Dobrev, D., Arzt, M., Sastry, M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Schotten, U., Cowie, M. R., McEvoy, R. D., Heidbuchel, H., Hendriks, J., Sanders, P., & Lau, D. H. (2019). Nightly sleep apnea severity in patients with atrial fibrillation: Potential applications of long-term sleep apnea monitoring. IJC Heart and Vasculature, 24, 1-7. [100424]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2019.100424
    • Pluymaekers, N. A. H. A., Dudink, E. A. M. P., & Crijns, H. J. G. M. (2019). Early or Delayed Cardioversion in Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation REPLY. New England Journal of Medicine, 381(4), 387-388. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc1906729
    • Habib, G., Lancellotti, P., Erba, P-A., Sadeghpour, A., Meshaal, M., Sambola, A., Furnaz, S., Citro, R., Ternacle, J., Donal, E., Cosyns, B., Popescu, B., Iung, B., Prendergast, B., Laroche, C., Tornos, P., Pazdernik, M., Maggioni, A., Gale, C. P., ... EURO-ENDO Investigators (2019). The ESC-EORP EURO-ENDO (European Infective Endocarditis) registry. European heart journal. Quality of care & clinical outcomes, 5(3), 202-207. https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjqcco/qcz018
    • Goette, A., Auricchio, A., Boriani, G., Braunschweig, F., Brugada Terradellas, J., Burri, H., Camm, A. J., Crijns, H., Dagres, N., Deharo, J-C., Dobrev, D., Hatala, R., Hindricks, G., Hohnloser, S. H., Leclercq, C., Lewalter, T., Lip, G. Y. H., Luis Merino, J., Mont, L., ... ESC Sci Document Grp (2019). EHRA White Paper: knowledge gaps in arrhythmia management-status 2019. EP Europace, 21(7), 993-+. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz055
    • Wolf, M., El Haddad, M., De Wilde, V., Phlips, T., De Pooter, J., Almorad, A., Strisciuglio, T., Vandekerckhove, Y., Tavernier, R., Crijns, H. J., Knecht, S., & Duytschaever, M. (2019). Endoscopic evaluation of the esophagus after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation using contiguous and optimized radiofrequency applications. Heart Rhythm, 16(7), 1013-1020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2019.01.030